Sharing Closure Variables Among Functions

// This function adds property accessor methods for a property with 
// the specified name to the object o.  The methods are named get<name>
// and set<name>.  If a predicate function is supplied, the setter
// method uses it to test its argument for validity before storing it.
// If the predicate returns false, the setter method throws an exception.
// The unusual thing about this function is that the property value 
// that is manipulated by the getter and setter methods is not stored in
// the object o.  Instead, the value is stored only in a local variable
// in this function.  The getter and setter methods are also defined
// locally to this function and therefore have access to this local variable.
// Note that the value is private to the two accessor methods, and it cannot
// be set or modified except through the setter.
function makeProperty(o, name, predicate) {
    var value;  // This is the property value

    // The setter method simply returns the value
    o["get" + name] = function() { return value; };

    // The getter method stores the value or throws an exception if
    // the predicate rejects the value
    o["set" + name] = function(v) { 
        if (predicate && !predicate(v))
            throw "set" + name + ": invalid value " + v;        
            value = v;

// The following code demonstrates the makeProperty() method 
var o = {};  // Here is an empty object

// Add property accessor methods getName and setName()
// Ensure that only string values are allowed
makeProperty(o, "Name", function(x) { return typeof x == "string"; });

o.setName("Frank");  // Set the property value






José M. Vidal .

50 of 65